ELTS ACTUAL TEST 10/02/2018 – ĐỀ THI CHÍNH THỨC VÀ ĐÁP ÁN PHẦN WRITING IELTS TẠI IDP NGÀY 10/02/2018
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The pie charts below show electricity generation by source in New Zealand and Germany in 1980 and 2010.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Electricity Generation by Source in New Zealand
The illustrations reveal the sources of electrical power generation in 1980 and 2010 of New Zealand and Germany. It can be clearly seen that coal was the dominant source for New Zealand and continued this trend while nuclear increased dramatically and dominated Germany in 2010.
In 1980 New Zealand utilized 107 units of electricity generation consisting of 56 units of coal, 30 units apiece of natural gas and hydro, and 11 units of petroleum. By 2010, total units in New Zealand soared to 200 units with coal increasing dramatically and nearly tripling to 150 units while hydro rose markedly to 46 units. Natural gas and petroleum both plunged to only 2 units.
Germany utilized 107 units of electricity in 1980 with a balanced portfolio consisting of 28 units apiece of coal and natural gas, 22 units of petroleum, 20 units of nuclear, and 7 units of hydro. Electricity generation in Germany had doubled by 2010 led by a near 8 fold increase in nuclear power generation which reached 155 units. Coal remained stable at 28 units and petroleum rose moderately to 27 units while natural gas plummeted from 28 to 2 units. Lastly, hydro fell markedly to 2 units as well.
Task 2: The tradition that family gets together to eat meals is disappearing. What are the reasons? What are the impacts?
The gathering of the family for meals is an age old tradition and is slowly lessening in the present day. The reasons are due to increased focuses on money and technology and this along with the impacts will be discussed herein.
There are several reasons as to why families spend less time together enjoying meals. Firstly, money continues to dominate the priority list for individuals and in order to continue to generate income, people must be willing to work at all hours of the day and this includes meal times. Examples can be seen by workers who are working during breakfast, lunch, and dinner time at restaurants, supermarkets, and businesses of all types. In my experience, I have to work through dinner time at my job so this has simply become a fact of life. Additionally, technology has only fueled this trend as it has helped society become a non-stop operational environment. Examples of this can be seen with computers which allow us to be in communication and in productive states twenty four hours a day and in my experience I am often deep in work which often does not coordinate with family or traditional mealtimes.
There are indeed impacts due to this alarming trend. To begin, people are becoming more individualistic and less family oriented as they spend more time working and less time with family, especially during traditional mealtimes. Individuals are committing more energy to and connecting on deeper levels with their work at the expense of time spent with their family. This is happening with me as I do not think twice about eating a meal with my family or in a cafe as my work schedule demands must be met. Ultimately, this is weakening the bonds of the family to some degree for many people, including myself.
In a nutshell, money and technology are pulling people away from traditional family mealtimes and the impacts are far reaching as people are slowly being indoctrinated into spending more time working in place of family gatherings and I do not see this trend lessening in the future.